Monday, February 6, 2017

Towards a Reassessment of Renaissance Aristotelianism

Charles B. Schmitt. Hist. Sci., xi (1973), 159-193
1. there were many Renaissance 'aristotelianisms' [160]
2. Thomism, Scotism etc continued into the R. and became more fragmented.
3. While Aristotelianism and scholasticism are to some extent coextensive their differences should not be lost sight of [161]
             a. scholasticism = tradition of school and university textbooks.
4. there always critics and opponents of A…ism.
5. A…ism was still in full bloom for most of the 17th c.
              a. when Gassendi taught a non A. course at Aix it was considered unusual.
6. new materials were accepted into the curriculum while traditional elements were retained
7. in the Laudian Statutes of 1636 the basic strucure of A…ian instructure underwent few changes. In fact, the same works of Aristotle --the Organon, Physics, De caelo, De anima, Metaphysics, Ethics and Politics-- were maintained tha the core of he curriculum.This was at a time when new chairs in various subjects, including fields which had never been taught in the university before were being introduced with some frequency [163, note 22]. In fact the basic Aristotelian structure of the university during that period seems to occasion more alarm and indignation on the part of recent interpreters than it provoked in the 16th and 17th centuries
8. the anatomical teachings of Vesalius and Faloppio were quickly absorbed by Aristotelians [171]
9. we find a blossoming of discussions on scientific methodology during the Renaissance, in part stimulated by the emphasis placed on the study of th Posterior analytics in the statutes of universities of the time.
10. the notion of regressus (the use of a twofold 'method', in which both analytic and synthetic procedures were included ... became a practical procedure for the investigation of natural physical science
11. Harvey's methodological debt to A. is explicit in his introduction to de generatione...the principles of scientific investigation used in his work are derived from Posterior analytics.